I work on Old English literature, with particular focus on manuscript studies, materiality, and verse metre.
I am a researcher on the ERC-funded CLASP Project (A Consolidated Library of Anglo-Saxon Poetry, https://clasp.eu/). My focus on this project has been the manuscript record of Old English verse, expanding the database of scribal errors and editorial emendations.
I am currently co-editing a collection of essays on Old English metre and literary criticism with Rafael J. Pascual, titled Old English Metre: Manuscripts, Poetics and Style (Arc Humanities Press, forthcoming). This collection follows a highly successful workshop on the application of Old English metre to questions of literary criticism, held in Oxford in 2019 (https://www.torch.ox.ac.uk/event/anglo-saxon-metre-and-literary-studies). I am also contributing a chapter to this volume ('Mind the Gap: Inter-word Spacing and Metrical Organisation in Old English verse'), positing a relationship between word-spacing and metrical organisation in a sample of Old English verse in its manuscript context.
I have worked extensively on the collection of Old English texts known as The Dialogues of Solomon and Saturn. My article, 'Solomon and Saturn I, 89a, “prologa prim”: an Exercise in Monastic Reading Practice' will be published in Anglia this year. Here, I propose an emendation of the ungrammatical half-line, prologa prima. I argue that the multivalence of this half-line, which is designed to be read on both a literal and a spiritual level, provides an exemplum of monastic reading practice. I have also recently completed a short article on an aspect of the link between Solomon and Saturn I and Isidore's Etymologiae. I am currently producing a chapter for an edited collection as part of the international research project From East to West: the Idea of the World in Anglo-Saxon England. This chapter, titled 'Land eall geondhwearf: haphazard geography in The Dialogues of Solomon and Saturn', conducts a psychogeographical analysis of the eponymous character's wanderings in the Old English poem Solomon and Saturn II. I will suggest that representations of ‘the East’ in the Dialogues reconfigure these geographical areas as conceptual spaces in which to hold difficult or even dangerous conversations on subjects like fate and free will.
My next project is a monograph exploring materiality in early medieval English thought and literature (proposed title: Strange Things: objects and anxieties on the material plane of Old English verse). This work will use the questions raised by 21st century Thing Theory to interrogate the behaviour of material objects in Old English poetry. Strange Things will begin by exploring the attitudes towards questions of materiality expressed in scientific, religious and philosophical literature known in early medieval England, as well as indications of a vernacular appreciation of materiality as expressed in such texts as homilies and law codes. I will then explore concerns inspired by Thing Theory through a series of case studies, each focusing on a different vernacular text or texts, including the Exeter Book Riddles, Beowulf, the Soul and Body poems, and such inscribed objects as the Sutton Brooch and the Franks Casket.
I largely work with Old English texts, but also with Anglo-Latin material and on western medieval manuscript culture more broadly. I recently completed an edition of an unpublished Middle English lyric. In my PhD thesis ('The visual craft of Old English verse: mise-en-page in Anglo-Saxon manuscripts') I examined the mise-en-page of Old English and Latin verse texts, considering the interaction of page design with contemporary cultural aesthetics, metrical form, and the semantic interpretation of individual texts. In particular, mise-en-page is seen as a site where critics can witness scribal acts of creativity and interpretation.
Further interests arising from my research include: perceptions of Greek language and culture in early medieval England; Old English and Anglo-Latin riddles; the mise-en-page of modern English texts; digitization practice and the production, usage and preservation of digital resources.
Teaching areas: Old English; Middle English; Early medieval literature; English Language and Literature; Manuscript studies
I am interested in developing new tools for teaching, and exploring different approaches to pedagogy. I am co-editor of the annual newsletter published by the Teachers of Old English in Britain and Ireland (TOEBI), and will be publishing a short article on the role of composition in teaching Old English in the 2020 edition. As part of our work on the CLASP project, Rafael J. Pascual and I are developing a tool to teach Old English metre to undergraduate students, and we ran a successful training day in Old English metre in 2019. My research interests in manuscripts, materialism and digitisation led me to develop a freestanding web module for undergraduate students, using objects from digital exhibitions to teach students about Old English riddles.
'Introduction', in Old English Metre: Manuscripts, Poetics and Style. Eds. Rachel A. Burns and Rafael J. Pascual. Forthcoming, Arc Humanities Press.
'Mind the Gap: Inter-word Spacing and Metrical Organisation in Old English verse', in Old English Metre: Manuscripts, Poetics and Style. Eds. Rachel A. Burns and Rafael J. Pascual. Forthcoming, Arc Humanities Press.
'Saturn’s Scythe: A Note on Solomon and Saturn I, Line 109a'. Notes & Queries (2021, forthcoming).
'Solomon and Saturn I, 89a, “prologa prim”: an Exercise in Monastic Reading Practice'. Anglia: Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie 138 (2020) pp. 618-648.